Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Fort Necessity and Braddock road

ON our back home with the kids we stopped at Fort Necessity since we had studied the French and Indian war in May and we are studying George Washington.  This was where George Washington learned several important lessons and used them when fighting the British during the American Revolution.

The visitor center has a great museum and we learned even more about the National road that George Washington wanted to build.  Here the kids are examining different types of animal pelts that would have been hunted for in this area and one of the the reasons why the British and French were fighting
Looking at wampum beads and finding how they were made using shells.  

A rifle

Looking at a replica of the surrender  documentation that George Washington signed which places the blame squarely on his shoulders.  He did not have an interruptor who could adequately read French so he was unaware that he was agreeing that he murder French soldiers and it always haunted him years later.

The fort was quite small and it was to my surprised mainly used to store supplies  according the park rangers.  The Men slept outside the fort and only those who were wounded where brought into the fort. 

The fort was hastily built and it didn't look like it offered much protection

The small building inside the fort housed amunition  and food supplies

When Washington Surrender they had to give up most of their supplies to the French

Outside the fort were dirt berms and light weight cannons used by the British

The fort flew the British Naval flag of the time.

We were told the tree line surrounding the fort was much closer and it gave the French and Indians great cover which was a serious problem for Washington
Unlike today the forest was very thick and some diaries of the time say not a single ray of sunlight touched the ground  so it was perfect cover for the French

We got to watch some re enactors fire off a short cannon and a rifle

We were told that this was a very dangerous job back then

UP  close view of the cannon
Next we visited the Visitor center where we learned more about George Washington's idea for a National road.
examining Wampum belts

petrified pieces of wood front he original fort

The last battle of the French and Indian war took place in Manila, Philippines, as my kids like to say, it really was the first World War since they were fighting everywhere.
As we were driving away we happened up the burial and monument for Colonel Braddock that we have read about.  We stopped the car and got out to explore the area

Just down the hill from the Monument was the actual road that Braddock was building

There was a battle on the road and he was killed and secretly buried on the road he was built.  His remains were found and moved to the new location only about 500 feet away on a hill which can be seen from the road.

View of the road he was building along with George Washington from his original grave site

Shortly after seeing Braddock's grave we saw a marker which is the original National road that George Washington envisioned.
I bought a book to further read up on the National Road of George Washington and plan to educate the children on this as it is not something I remember being taught in school.


  1. Wow, what a cool field trip! I've never seen a cannon like that before!

  2. I certainly didn't know anything about the national road. I have read books on the George Washington and the revolutionary war. I found this so interesting. You are giving your children such a marvelous hands on education. I just love following your adventures.
    Blessings for this one; I really enjoyed it.